Teks report adalah teks yang mendeskripsikan sesuatu atau benda-benda secara umum, misalnya berbagai benda atau fenomena alam, buatan, dan sosial yang ada atau terjadi di lingkungan kita. Setelah membaca teks report diharapkan kita bisa memahami baik gagasan pokok [ main idea ] setiap paragraf maupun secara keseluruhan. Gagasan pokok [ main idea ] adalah keterangan, penjelasan, uraian atau pendapat penulis tentang topik. Untuk mengetahui gagasan pokok [ main idea ] sebuah paragraf, hal yang perlu diperhatikan adalah yang pertama pahami keseluruhan isi teks/ paragraf karena gagasan utama dapat berada di awal, tengah, maupun akhir paragraf. Yang kedua kelompokkan kalimat/ paragraf menjadi gagasan utama dan gagasan pendukung.
Dalam teks report tentang binatang pasti dijelaskan ciri-ciri fisik binatang tersebut. Oleh karena itu, kalian perlu mengetahui ciri-ciri fisik hewan. Berikut ini contoh dari beberapa nama hewan dalam bahasa inggris beserta ciri-ciri fisiknya,
1. giraffe [ jerapah ] = long neck, eat leaves
2. elephant [ gajah ] = long nose big ears
3. whale [ paus] = fish, mammal, breathe with lungs
4. rabbit [ kelinci ] = long ears, white fur, like carrots
Struktur teks report
A. General classification :
Pengantar tentang sesuatu/ fenomena yang akan dibahas.
B. Description :
Menerangkan sesuatu/ fenomena yang dibahas, meliputi bagian-bagian, kwalitas, dan perilaku.
Ciri – ciri teks report
- Menggunakan the Simple Present Tense kecuali apabila sudah punah menggunakan past tense
- Menggunakan action verbs, misalnya : surround, make, begin, dll.
A rabbit is a small fury mammal with a short tail and pointed ears. Rabbits live in burrows in the ground. Each burrow is the home of a single family. The first fossil which can be attribute to this family came from North America, but now they are found in every part of the world. Compared to its small body, rabbit has large-sized ears.
A rabbit is a weak and timid animal and is always surrounded by many enemies. Therefore, nature has gifted it with large ears to help it to hear even the fun of drop sound. The large area of the ear catches almost every sound wave produced in the air and transfers them into the inner ear. This make the rabbit to detect its enemies in time and run to safety zones.
You must have noticed tha a rabbit washes its ears by repeatedly licking its forepows and rubbing them over the surface of its ears. It does this in order to keep its ear clean, and also to take into its mouth natural oil which surrounds the ear surface. This oil is important in forming vitamin D which necessary for the growth of healthy bones. If the rabbit is not allowed to form this, it will develop rickets.
Gorilas are the largest of all the primates. A male gorillas can be 180 centimeters tall and can weigh 200 kilograms. Gorillas are very strong but they do not often fight. In fact they are peaceful animals.
Gorillas live in small family groups of about 15 . in a group there is one strong, older male, some young males, and a few females with their babies. They move slowly around a large area of jungle eating leaves and bushes.
In some ways gorillas are very like humans. When they are happy, they lough and wave their arms. When they are angry, they beat their chests. When they are sad, they cry. But they cry quietly, without any tears.
Unfortunately, people hunt and kill gorillas. They also cut down and burn their trees. There are now only about 10,000 gorillas left in the world.
Happy studying !